K.M. is my hero and once again she has some great information:
If you're writing historical fiction or even fiction set in today's every-day society, your background and environment already exists, all that's necessary is to paint the location and keep us grounded on your stage. But when you are somewhere totally off world or in fantasy land you need to handle all the details otherwise already in place. Here are a few great questions to ask yourself to help you create your world.
What does the landscape look like?
What kind of plants grow here?
What’s the climate?
What kinds of animals are present in this world?
What kind of society(ies) is found in your world?
What kinds of clothing are in style?
What moral and religious values define people’s world views?
What language(s) do they speak?
What form of government is currently in place?
How advanced is technology?
What forms of long-distance communication are used?
What modes of transportation are available?
How has technology affected entertainment and the arts?
How has technology affected weaponry and modes of warfare?
How advanced are the fields of medicine and science?
What are the natural laws of this world?
Which natural laws are different from our world (e.g., gravity)?
Is there a magical force in your world? How does it work? What are its limitations?
What kind of people populate this world?
Are there different races?
How do customs differ between people of different races and citizens of different districts?
Do the ethnic factions get along?
What’s the history of this world?
How many years of recorded history are available?
What historical epochs have shaped society?
Even if you already have a good idea of the specifics of your world, taking the time solidify your ideas by answering these, and other, questions can inject more life and realism into your setting and allow you to spot flaws and inconsistencies. And, even better, it’s a ton of fun!
To read the full article, please follow the link above. The site is well worth the visit.